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The 10 Principles of Children’s Rights

Brighter Communities, a non-profit organization for children’s welfare, has one great vision: to see a world of empowered children who see themselves as the key to change. This is why we have committed to a life-long mission to spark innovation in children’s minds through tech for good. However, empowering these children has to start with one crucial thing—awareness. UNICEF stated that Filipino children are still being deprived of basic rights such as access to good health and nutrition, education, and protection.1 For this situation to start changing, children (and adults) need to be aware of children’s rights.


In 1959, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child.2 In a nutshell, the Declaration states that governments must meet every child’s basic needs and help them reach their full potential. The Declaration lays down 10 main principles,3 as compiled by Rethinking Schools4:


  1. Every child, regardless of race, color, sex, language, religion, political, or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, are entitled to the rights set out in this Declaration of the Rights of the Child.

  2. Every child shall enjoy special protection and be given opportunities and facilities to develop physically, mentally, morally, spiritually, and socially.

  3. Every child is entitled to a name and nationality.

  4. Every child should have the right to adequate nutrition, housing, recreational, and medical services.

  5. Any child who is physically, mentally, or socially handicapped shall be given special treatment, education, and care.

  6. All children need love and understanding. Whenever possible, the child should grow up with his or her parents. Society and public authorities must extend special care to children without a family and means of support.

  7. Every child is entitled to free and compulsory education. The child shall have the opportunity for play and recreation.

  8. The child should always be among the first to receive protection and relief.

  9. The child shall be protected against all forms of neglect, cruelty, and exploitation.

  10. The child shall be protected from practices that discriminate against people — especially against people’s race or religion. The child shall be brought up in a spirit of understanding, tolerance, friendship among peoples, peace and universal brotherhood.


Children deserve to know their rights—and Brighter Communities, as our CSR, aims to educate these children towards a brighter future. Here’s a more child-friendly version of the Declaration from Save The Children that you can share with anyone who needs to know.



References

  1. Galvez, D. (n.d.). Unicef report: Many children in PH are still deprived of basic rights. Retrieved from https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1040782/unicef-report-many-children-in-ph-are-still-deprived-of-basic-rights.

  2. Declaration of the Rights of the Child, 1959. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.humanium.org/en/declaration-rights-child-2/.

  3. Adapted from Human Rights for Children: A Curriculum for Teaching Human Rights to Children Ages 3 -12, developed by the Human Rights for Children Committee, Alameda, CA: Hunter House, 1992.

  4. Bigelow, B., & Peterson, B. (2002). Rethinking globalization: teaching for justice in an unjust world.


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